Nationality: United States
Occupation: Photographer, Artist
Born: Philadelphia, 1883
Died: New York State, 1965
Charles Rattew Sheeler Jr. was an American artist and photographer who played a leading role in the rise of Precisionism (an art movement in the 1920s and 30s that expressed landscapes with sharp geometric forms inspired by the uniformity of the increasingly modernised urban landscape). Sheeler was vastly interested in how old buildings such as barns and Victorian townhouses could be appealing despite being built purely for function.
|Criss-Crossed Conveyors, River Rouge|
Plant, Ford Motor Company, 1927.
|On Shaker Theme 2, 1956|
Sheeler continued working until suffering a stroke in 1959 that left him debilitated and unable to work in the way he did, effectively forcing him into retirement. Six years later, a second stroke attack ended his life in 1965. The Precisionist movement that he had helped to spur served as an American foothold to the modernist movement in a time where the modernist art scene was dominated by primarily European movements and figures such as French Cubism and Impressionism, Italian Futurism and German Expressionism. His interest in the functional and the idea of seeing beauty in function are reflected in the German Bauhaus school of design, which while no longer an institution since 1933 is still an influential art style throughout the world such as in Tel Aviv, Israel - an entire city of Bauhaus-derived buildings.
- Murphy, J.; 2009; Charles Sheeler (1883–1965); Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History; New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art; http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/shee/hd_shee.htm (Last accessed 27th October 2014)
- Unknown; 2013; The Precisionist Movement; Art History Archive; http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/precisionism/ (last accessed 27th October 2014)
- "Azurebumble"; 2010; Charles Sheeler: Paintings; Azurebumble, Wordpress; published 21st September 2010; http://azurebumble.wordpress.com/2010/09/21/charles-sheeler-paintings/ (last accessed 27th October 2014)
- Lotha, G., Das, D., Chauhan, Y., Young, G; 2014; Charles Sheeler (American Artist); Encyclopaedia Britannica; first published 2nd November 2008; last updated 7th August 2014; http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/539397/Charles-Sheeler (last accesed 27th October 2014)
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